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Facebook Live Improves Accessibility by Adding Closed Captioning

Closed Captioning on Facebook Live

The instant popularity of live video streaming apps like Periscope, Snapchat, and Facebook Live proves that authentic, in-the-moment content effectively captures the attention of audiences worldwide. Today, one out of five videos on Facebook are broadcast live and are watched three times longer on average than non-live. Considering that more than 5% of the world’s population – about 360 million people – have some degree of disabling hearing loss, there’s a significant number of users that the social networking service cannot ignore when over 100 million hours of videos are watched a day. Continue reading

Closed Captioning Internet Video: Live & Near-live Programming

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The final deadline of the FCC’s Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act (CVAA) pertaining to online videos is quickly approaching. On July 1, 2017, video clips (both straight-lift and montage clips) of live and near-live television programming (such as news or sporting events) will need to observe the following turnaround times for posting online with captions:

  • For clips of live programming, up to a 12-hour delay is permitted in posting a captioned clip after the programming has been shown on TV.
  • For clips of near-live programming, up to an 8-hour delay is permitted in posting a captioned clip after the programming has been shown on TV.

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Meet the Winner of Our 2017 NAB Trip Giveaway: Sean Osborne!

Our Winner, Sean Osborne!

Sean has worked in Action Sports TV production for over 17 years, supervising over 300 programs airing on networks such as FOX Sports, FUEL TV, NBC, & NBC Sports Network. He currently produces programs for the Wakeboard World Series and is the Post-Production Supervisor at Nitro Circus in San Clemente, CA. Currently, Aberdeen handles all of Sean’s NBCSN closed captioning and digital delivery.

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NRB Proclaim 17 Learning Arena Talk

Learning Arena 2017

Earlier this month at NRB Proclaim 17, we hosted a brief talk with broadcasters regarding the most updated FCC laws pertaining to closed captioning. Although it was intended as a review of the laws that are already in place, it proved that many of the laws are still not known, or unclear, to many broadcasters.

The talk was hosting at the Learning Arena located in the vendor exhibit hall. The goal of the Learning Arena is to foster true interaction between exhibiting companies and convention participants to share and connect; highlighting relevant education and training. Continue reading

Closed Captioning Internet Video Clips: “Montage Clips”

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It has been a year since the FCC published updated guidelines pertaining to the closed captioning requirements for online video clips. The notice specified that excerpts of full-length video programming captioned for broadcast in the U.S. and posted via the video programming provider or distributor’s website or app would need to have captions present.

This only applied to single excerpts, or single “straight-lift clips” from a full-length program.

In that announcement, the FCC also marked January 1, 2017 as the date that this law will extend to “montages,” or edits composed of multiple single excerpts (“straight-lift clips”). For example, an hour-long talk show that aired on television may appear as multiple segments on the web afterwards – say, abridged interviews of each of the guests. Those clips, all stemming from the original full-length program, will now be expected to be captioned. Continue reading

Final Rule: Title III of the ADA Requiring Movie Theaters to Provide Closed Captioning, Audio Description

Amidst the growing number of accessibility discrimination lawsuits being filed against US movie theater chains, the Department of Justice announced yesterday that a Final Rule of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Title III will soon be published to enforce a nationally consistent standard. This rulemaking will provide specific requirements that cinemas must now meet to satisfy their equal access obligations to patrons with hearing and vision disabilities.

For screenings of features produced with closed captioning, movie theaters will now be required to provide caption display devices, such as Sony’s Access Glasses or Dolby’s CaptiView, to patrons who request them. The law will also require these theaters to provide assistive listening devices for any film produced with an audio description track, which contains a personal narration throughout the film. Continue reading

Regal Cinema’s Closed Captioning Glasses

Earlier this month, a team of Aberdeen caption editors took an educational field trip to the cinema! We were excited to check out Sony’s closed captioning glasses offered at Regal Cinemas. We decided to watch Hillsong’s “Let Hope Rise” documentary.

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FCC Shared Responsibilities: Caption Quality & Certification

A few weeks ago, we announced that the FCC published their final ruling on the responsibilities related to the provision and quality of closed captions on pre-recorded programming (FCC: Captioning Assurance Now a Shared Responsibility) effective September 22, 2016. To producers and owners of content, you are now directly responsible for providing and confirming the compliance of captioning work for non-exempt programming.

The Commission’s on-going attention to closed captioning quality, along with the NAD’s persistent class action lawsuits against universities, Netflix, Hulu, movie theaters, and airlines, are further proof that captioning work still remains inconsistent throughout the industry.

As a captioning company, we passionately support any efforts put in place to ensure that the industry can support and enforce these standards. Continue reading

FCC Shared Responsibilities: Defining the Roles

On February 18, 2016, the FCC implemented amendments to its rules on closed captioning of televised video programming to help clarify which bodies are responsible for the quality and the technical aspects of delivery of closed captions on television. In a publication posted to the Federal Register last week, the FCC has assigned September 22, 2016 as the effective date for these new responsibilities.

In short, the FCC will now be holding the individual Video Programmers (producer, ministry, etc.) responsible for meeting the closed captioning quality standards in addition to holding TV stations responsible for broadcasting closed captions correctly.  Video Programmers will also be required to register directly with the FCC in the future. More on that to come in the following weeks.

Follow the law or be ready to face the FCC directly. Continue reading

FCC: Captioning Assurance Now a Shared Responsibility

fcc-shared-responsibilities

Today, the Federal Communications Commission has published their final ruling on the responsibilities related to the provision and quality of closed captions on television programming. The FCC will now be moving to a shared responsibility model that, while still imposing primary responsibility on video program distributors (VPDs), will now shift some of that responsibility directly to the video programmers (VPs) that produce the content. Each entity will be responsible for closed captioning issues that are primarily within their control. Continue reading